Venezuela is located in northern South America, including the northern ends of Andes Mountains that reach more than 5000 meters. It also includes the Orinoco River Plain and Guyana Plateau reaching 3000 meters, arranged in order from northwest to southeast. On a tributary of the Caroni River is Angel waterfall, the highest in the world that reaches 978 meters. In Venezuela, the dominant population is of European origin. The main cities are: Caracas, Valencia and Maracaibo.
Unlike other South American countries, Venezuela area has larger reserves of oil being the 5th in world production and natural gas. It is also a classic resource for South America of iron ore and ferrous ores, especially bauxite. Oil resources are exploited around and within Lake Maracaibo Venezuela, the Orinoco River delta plain. The oil is processed in centers located on the coast such as Valencia. Guyana Plateau is known for iron exploiting, in Cerro Bolivar and is mainly intended for export. Because of the rich hydro power resources, Venezuela has greatly expanded the hydroelectric system. The Guri hydroelectric plant, located on the Caroni River, is one of the largest in the world. In the agriculture Venezuela is remarked for its coffee production, sugar cane, cassava, bananas and coconuts. The main shipments are developed from and on the coast, where there are and the main ports.
The capital of Venezuela, Caracas, has a tropical climate, with rainfall ranging between 900 and 1300 mm annually within the city and almost 2,000 mm in mountainous areas. The average annual temperature is about 22.5 ° C, with an average in winter of 22 ° C mostly in January. The warm season average is of 24 ° C in May, which gives annual thermal amplitude of 3 ° C. In December and January there is a heavy fog, in addition to lower night temperatures, reaching up to 13 ° C or less. The locals call it Pacheco. In addition, nighttime temperatures do not exceed 20 ° C, which provides pleasant afternoons in Caracas. Caracas hail storms occur rarely.