Transportation in Venezuela includes air routes, sea travel and a limited national railway system. The main transportation method that connects Venezuela with the rest of the world is via air. Venezuela has two main airports: Simon Bolivar International Airport near Caracas and La Chinita International Airport near Maracaibo. The sea is also a good route with three major ports: La Guaira, Maracaibo and Puerto Cabello.
In the south and in the east part of the country, because of the Amazonian rainforest, Venezuela has limited transport. The famous Orinoco River can be crossed by vessels that can reach almost 400 km inland. The downside of the Venezuelan transportation system is its national railway system because it has no functional rail connections with neighboring countries. Major cities in Venezuela have a metro system since 1983. When it comes to traveling by car, Venezuela can pride itself with around 100.000 km of roads that are placing the country in top 50 worldwide. But there is also a downside. Only a third of these roads are paved.
In the past, Venezuela had the world’s highest cable car. It has opened in 1960 and it connected Merida with the top of Sierra Nevada. It was closed in 2008, but never reopened.
Tourists who want to explore the local culture of Venezuela can rent a car from a major city and go on a road trip around the country. They have limited routes because they can’t go through the Amazonian forest, but they can stop in small villages and interact with the locals. The car is recommended for traveling, some consider it a better option than the train. Travel guides can come in handy because they can offer a lot of information and they know the roads. Still, for those who don’t want to leave the city, the metro is the fastest and safest way around town.